Gearless Magnet Bike

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Tom Stanton

Tom Stanton

Жыл бұрын

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Пікірлер: 7 700
@jamesmnguyen Жыл бұрын
I guess the next step is to build a superconductor clutch to avoid the heat issues. That'll totally work.
@wanglin4785 Жыл бұрын
A boring fixed gear can do that, too
@wizboy45 Жыл бұрын
Nah, he should just invent a room temperature superconductor instead. Seems simpler.
@rubiconnn Жыл бұрын
A supercunductor plate would cause it to be locked together lol. It would be almost impossible to slip it. That's essentially how magnetic levitation works.
@Vatharian Жыл бұрын
@@rubiconnn but then it could be controlled. Connecting a grounded resistor to the superconducting plate would disturb the eddy currents, and provide momentary 100% slip. You could switch it on and off PWM style to tightly control slip. Now we just need room temeprature supeconductor. :(
@martinda7446 Жыл бұрын
Yeah that would induce instantaneous eddy currents of such proportion to effectively bolt it together, it would be an expensive, weighty and very cold cog.
@Fish_-ce6kk Жыл бұрын
The positioning of the weights at 7:44 is such a pleasing real-world representation of a log graph, I love it
@canteatpi Жыл бұрын
might be a hyperbola
@phisx333 Жыл бұрын
i tought the same !!! cool
@mikhail_from_afar Жыл бұрын
​@@canteatpi or a root of some power. I think it's more likely to be a square root graph, due to the powers in the formulas for kinetic energy
@datbubby Жыл бұрын
@@mikhail_from_afar ты говоришь по русски? я учус, но это очень трудный язык :)
@muradm7748 Жыл бұрын
@@datbubby учусь*
@squorsh 10 ай бұрын
The comparison shots of the falling weights was incredibly well done
@user-dn8nv8ez4e 8 ай бұрын
Hmm... but copper is three times heavier than aluminum. If we consider that in the equation...(brain stops)
@operatorchakkoty4257 8 ай бұрын
Right? It literally generated the graph.
@SreenikethanI 8 ай бұрын
@@operatorchakkoty4257 It makes sense on why it *looks* like a graph ... but then still "holy-shit" nevertheless
@shawnb4287 7 ай бұрын
I loved how you could visually see the logarithmic, non-linear curve in that one test.
@eto38581 9 ай бұрын
Magnetic coupling is very useful for underwater applications, where you want to disconnect the propeller from the internal electronics. Back when I was in highschool, we built an autonomous underwater vehicle and faced a real problem with isolating the propeller's entrance.
@xxwookey 5 ай бұрын
But don't the magnets need to be really close to the disc for reasonably efficient power transfer, so if you have to put the waterproof bit of the boat/vehicle between the two then that's quite a lot of spacing you didn't want. How well does it work across 3mm of fibreglass (or whatever is sufficient to keep the water/pressure out).
@gallardoranch5129 4 ай бұрын
​@@xxwookeyYou can design for the gap with larger magnets or different materials that don't block the field as much.
@robwilton9539 3 ай бұрын
These days there is no need for a watertight prop shaft as brushless motors perform quite happily in water and can be outside of the submersible.
@user-fs9mv8px1y 2 ай бұрын
@@robwilton9539 *barnacles grow on your windings*
@Lappmogel 2 ай бұрын
​@@xxwookeyIf you're worried about pressure you could fill the engine room with another liquid and seal it off.
@MatteoLorandi Жыл бұрын
The side by side comparisons are astonishing, it’s amazing to visualise the different behaviours induced by different configurations of magnets and weights
@MrGustavier Жыл бұрын
True. I just wished he had filmed them with his infrared camera, so that we also see the amount of heat loss
@user-xv6xj8gl4h Жыл бұрын
@@MrGustavier yeah true
@xmysef4920 Жыл бұрын
@@MrGustavierYeah that would probably be really interesting, but I still think it’s good as it is of course
@MakeAllThingsBeautiful Жыл бұрын
Tom is brilliant, I wouldn't be surprised at all if the heat generation turns out to be a huge positive for future project potential, surely this magnetic contactless set up could harness all sorts of free incidental energy
@janeblogs324 Жыл бұрын
He could've used an off the shelf thread on 6 bolt brake adaptor for $10 instead of printing such a disc
@a.bergantini4129 Жыл бұрын
I'm a physics professor and this whole project is incredible! That's one whole chapter of the textbook in a single short video!
@braindecay9477 Жыл бұрын
That's why I regularly substitute lectures with KZfaq videos - sometimes there is incredible stuff to find, that saves the student (me) hours of agony and self hatred. Hehe. Idk what these people do differently, maybe it's because they're closer to the point where they didn't understand it themselves than most professors are, but they sometimes have an incredible efficient way of teaching. (Helped me most with theoretical physics stuff)
You are not good at physics. Because you don't understand the science behind math, electricity, chemistry and biology. You are not a professor. You are just on papers, but the reality is painful. If my kids will have a teacher like you, I will remove my kids from the school. You are a shame for all the italian schools and physics and science departments.
@peterhoulihan9766 Жыл бұрын
@@braindecay9477 Personally I suspect it's just numbers. If there's hundreds of youtube videos explaining an idea, you're only likely to see the best ones, and the many many terrible videos just drop into obscurity. Whereas with your actual college course it's unlikely you have all the best professors for every subject. Although that does create an interesting idea. Imagine if you had access to lectures from hundreds of professors worldwide and your tuition went to the ones you watched the most.
@hxhdfjifzirstc894 Жыл бұрын
@@peterhoulihan9766 But how would that help to promote the woke communist global takeover?
@shyft09 Жыл бұрын
Well I don't think most physics teachers have a small team, a budget that allows for cnc machining and 3d printing custom parts, and weeks/months to dedicate to creating a single 30 minute lesson (when would they do their marking?)
@dewiz9596 6 ай бұрын
I was very dubious at the start, thinking, “oh, yeah, another magnets perpetual motion scam”. . . but no. I learned a lot from this. . . an honest presentation. Nobody’s going to win the Tour de France with this setup (especially me, a 79-year old time triallist)😊 Well done, sir!
@stefandemerov8423 10 ай бұрын
That was a brilliant, thoroughly well-thought and very well executed way to find out something is a not such a good idea. The effort put into this is admirable!
@jipjipson8744 3 ай бұрын
How about just a magnetic frictionless bearing...
@FellowTaxPayer Жыл бұрын
As a bicycle mechanic over in Germany I gotta say, I really love your bike related videos. They give me great aspiration, sadly I lack the funding to copy your concepts for my own fun. But they make great talk in the break room!
@varmoes Жыл бұрын
In another life, I was a bike mechanic too. I probably enjoy as much these videos as you. Now that I’m doing more software and hardware, after building a few robots, it tickles me to try and build a braking system idea I had a long time ago!
@zer0kelvin212 Жыл бұрын
as a bike mechanic in Germany, do you work on Rohloffs or other internal gearhubs. How do you like them? If this magnetic clutch/gear works, it would be fantastic!
@MattExzy Жыл бұрын
I'm wondering if being able to vary the strength of the magnets (by making them tiny electromagnets) would make it a practical device. Sort of like gearing through magnetism. Probably not, but it's so tantalizingly almost useful.
@kenneely7899 Жыл бұрын
By having Flux collector on each magnet of Faris metal you could greatly increase the magnetic strength of each magnet in the desired direction. If done correctly it could reduce the attraction to the chain.
@tobiastho9639 Жыл бұрын
Why not start a youtube channel with bike experimentation? It probably will pay for itself if done right... viel Glück!
@chrstfer2452 Жыл бұрын
Those calculations with the dropping weight videos were awesome, such an excellent visualization.that section was great!
@danielanthony1054 Жыл бұрын
oh yeah, you can literally see the non linear curve which was beautiful
@DownhillAllTheWay Жыл бұрын
This is the stuff that science is made of!
@grizzlyfam7901 Жыл бұрын
No wonder white men created all the modern science and tech
@spenserwilliams4950 3 ай бұрын
"...and this result wasn't linear" @7:38 Beautiful visualization. Nicely Done!
@punko9031 2 ай бұрын
oh yes, one immediately gets it! Incredible communication
@JTMP12 10 ай бұрын
Very good job on your thorough research and impressive fabrication skills! You essentially created the opposite of a magnetic braking system like on the Telma system. I drove heavy vehicles with a Telma and they work really well but they generate a lot of heat so you had to mind how much they had been applied.
@Sgt_Bill_T_Co Жыл бұрын
As a retired engineer who cycles a lot, I enjoyed this immensely!
@hxhdfjifzirstc894 Жыл бұрын
@H K And more expense! It could be a government mandate!
@biggbluecanoe7108 Жыл бұрын
The alternating magnets for stronger eddy currents was a great idea! You might want to look into the Halbach Array (a specific way of alternating magnets) that makes the field strength even higher. I think it might perform better than only alternating the magnets.
@oodmboo Жыл бұрын
Exactly what I was Thinking. Also can't he put a steel plate on one side of the array to cancel the magnetic field so he won't have issues with the chain and spokes?
Жыл бұрын
Also it makes magnetic field much stronger on one side (the clutch side) than on the other side (the chain side).
@peterhoulihan9766 Жыл бұрын
@@oodmboo If he made the diameter of the disks bigger he could fit more magnets in to give him the torque he needs to go uphill and it would also solve the spoke problem since the spokes are already sloped away from the magnets further out. Might run into torque issues breaking the disc though.
@5naxalotl Жыл бұрын
the steel plate (ie completing the magnetic circuit) is better than a halbach array unless you are extremely concerned with size and weight
Жыл бұрын
@@5naxalotl Rotational inertia is certainly important, though I don't know how much.
@WhatDadIsUpTo 10 ай бұрын
You are much more analytical than I. I like trial and error. That said, I do something similar using neodymium magnets mounted on disks. I machine my disks out of plastic cutting boards using a lathe. I mount magnets about the flat circumference of the disk, then use either live steam or compressed air to spin it through a pick-up coil to generate electricity. I arrange the 1/2" magnets all facing the same direction (for d.c.) or facing n-s-n (for a.c.). I use both piston as well as turbine homemade engines. I build windmill-driven air compressors as well as small air engines as a hobby. Great fun! Thanks for your VERY ENTERTAINING channel.
@maxheadrom3088 10 ай бұрын
I think - The reason why flipping the center magnet works better is the field gets conentrated closer to the disk. Also the eddy current created by the first pair runs opposite to the one the second pair creates. The checkered pattern may be creating less field near the disk. Nice idea and nice video!!!! Really enjoyed!
@evilAshTheDog Жыл бұрын
Tom again shows us not only how clever and creative he is, but also just how great KZfaq can be with the right content providers!
@troop73oo Жыл бұрын
Totally agree, KZfaq at it’s best.
@DerrickBommarito Жыл бұрын
If my damned AWFUL home feed could learn this... I would be sooooo happy.
@ac.creations Жыл бұрын
^^ I made a new account and seeded it with a Playlist of content types that I wanted and now my algorithm is much better than the old account. Probably a good idea to do this every few years to get a fresh look.
@ac.creations Жыл бұрын
​@@DerrickBommarito replies are broken
@huytu1975 Жыл бұрын
you are very correct
@kenmohler4081 Жыл бұрын
This channel was new to me. I was blown away by the concept, quality of the build, quality of the experimentation, and the quality of the video production. You, Sir, are really good at this!
@RedHair651 Жыл бұрын
He's a mechanical engineer
@mattgilbreath5911 Жыл бұрын
Completely agreed, very impressive testing and engineering
@HasBhaiHas7 Жыл бұрын
Check his railgun project
@JustWasted3HoursHere Жыл бұрын
There's another guy, James Bruton, who does very similar experiments, uses 3D printers, uses a very similar methodology AND sounds like he is from the same part of the world as Tom here. I think they should work together on a project! For example:
@murrijuana2842 Жыл бұрын
Seems like youtube as a whole is new to you...
@MrBananun 8 ай бұрын
First video I've seen of yours and I really enjoyed. I like the way you're passionate but not loud! You stick to the subject whilst allowing small tangents and your explanations are totally understandable! Great work!
@user-zy4fw3km2c 9 ай бұрын
Every time you have some different ideas, we see it implemented within seconds in the video. As an engineer, I know the pain anxiety of the challenge to go through implementing ,and the excitement during the test, and of course the joy when the idea works.
@AdityaMehendale Жыл бұрын
Hi Tom The checkerboard is only useful if you also want drag in the left-right direction.; generally the magnet diameter should be greater than the gap between facing magnets. More importantly, please look into "back irons" - these will easily improve the effectiveness by 2x or 3x and shall also eliminate the problem of the chain sticking to the magnets :)
@jcims Жыл бұрын
Yes! I think this would probably double the performance at least. Mumetal is ideally suited for the job (which is why they use it in hard drive voice coils)
@Gottenhimfella Жыл бұрын
Would it not work better if there were magnets distributed around the disc ? (perhaps at pitch centres corresponding to say 9/10ths of the pitch of magnets, to get a sort of vernier effect). I guess the poles on the frame would want to be opposite polarity to those on the rotating disc. You'd want magnets both sides of the disc, to balance out the axial forces.
@AdityaMehendale Жыл бұрын
@@Gottenhimfella Quite a few drawbacks to your scheme - The damping (i.e. conversion of kinetic energy to heat) happens in the conductor, not in the magnet. A magnet shall store energy as potential energy (and then is mire like to demagnetize too, but that is a different story). So, to convert KE to heat, a conductive disc is essential. The added moving magnets shall add inertia to the rotor (non-issue in a bicycle, agreed) Second issue is that of axial (parallel to the axle of the wheel) force - rare-earth magnets of this size pull hard - a symmetric construction with two sets of fixed magnets and one moving conductor has no axial forces, and hence can be thin and slim.. to work-around this, perhaps 8/10th or 7/10th would be better. The third issue is cogging. Even with the Vernier, you would feel some. The advantage in your scheme (if I understand it correctly) is that you eliminate the air-gap on one side of the damper. The disadvantages that you have to pay as a price are, imo, not worthwhile (at least with my understanding of your described concept. Feel free to 3-d print a holder with 7-magnets and 10-magnets arranged in a circle and try twisting them against one another :) (without a conductor, it will feel more like a detent than a damper)
@derekdaniel3361 Жыл бұрын
Your meticulous research and trials of materials and forces is truly impressive. Then to advise us that it didn't work as you had hoped shows your humility. Thanks for sharing this whole story.
@palohagara105 Жыл бұрын
The answer is seen in electromobile vehicles- Alternating current (in motor wire-windings) is far more efficient than permanent magnets only (which are also present in many EV motors). Also stopping power in EV regenerative/recuperative braking had same weakness as described in this video. But - with alternating current oposing the magnet rotation, it can be managed to fullstop in most current EV vehicles. Which translate to even not using normal friction brakes/pads at all = rusting. So this research is not completely wasted- it just needs to simulate EV motor = induce some current in copper disc (made from thousands of copper wires, insulated of course). And electronics with variable frequency of alternating current, made by using Gate-transistors. Of course it is not needed as you can buy such a bicycle now, but- exactly the same proces they do in Tesla, Mercedes factories/labs.
@j.v.9936 10 ай бұрын
The very healthy and honest conclusion at the end nailed it. I´m glad someone has done this, because it was entertaining and informative to watch. Good luck for the next one.
@davidandrews2883 8 ай бұрын
Thanks, Tom. Brilliant experiment and execution. Keep them coming.
@si98justme1 Жыл бұрын
I think you may have missed a trick. Putting an iron backing plate on both back sides of the magnets (ie facing opposite the copper disc) would give you two additional advantages. One being the flux would be more constrained and not grab the chain/spokes and the field facing the copper disc would be more intense. However the heat due to loss will definitely be more severe when the clutch starts slipping and will equally affect the magnets, which in your case, due to their size might have been a bit cooked too, but cooled faster due to less thermal mass. But in theory, the increase in efficiency would mean less slipping. Another factor is that neodymium magnets permanently lose their magnetism when heated to approximately 85deg C, which is why when these types of clutches are used in industrial applications, there is usually a significant liquid cooling system that either flows through the clutch components, or the clutch is immersed in it. They are very precise and consistent (repeatable) clutch designs that can absorb massive dynamic changes in force, so they are very useful in other applications, where longevity and smoothness are more important than efficiency in the force transfer. They are also used as brakes and dampers for similar reasons and also have more traditional lockup mechanisms and or clutches for greater efficiency when output (or input in the case of braking) has reached a certain speed. Obviously these are stupid expensive, mostly due to materials, proper matching of the specifications, and definitely being customised for the application, not to mention bulky, but sometimes they are worth it, to solve particularly difficult problems where traditional force coupling mechanisms don’t work as well. Anyway, sorry for being “that guy” at the party, great video and demonstration of a very useful and niche device!
@xZeroOffical Жыл бұрын
I think you're the guy we very much needed on this party. Thank you.
@alanskylux9822 Жыл бұрын
Chain sticking is solved by using a rubber belt
@pchandle Жыл бұрын
Tom, this response is on the money. Ferrous materials will provide a much lower magnetic impedance than air, increasing the magnetic flux density experienced by the copper. So putting some of the outside faces of the magnet groups will improve performance. Again, on the money; watch out for heating and ideally turn that ferrous material into a heatsink for the magnets. Finally, milling a shallow pattern into the copper to sort of turn it into a centrifugal fan, (increasing air turbulence and heat transfer) may also extend the operating envelope. Mind you, it will always be lossy. Maybe it's more of a mobile cardio machine?
@_FJB_ Жыл бұрын
​@@pchandle c'mon peleton!
@majjuss Жыл бұрын
Electro mechatronics engineer here and were about to write pretty mich the same thing! However I disagree on the heat part... Yes the magnets suffer from higher temperatures but the heat is generated in the disk and not in the magnets. The suggested ferromagnetic parts to close the magnetic flux would alsobserve as additional radiators for the magnets to get rid of heat.
@argledotorg Жыл бұрын
I think you calculated based on cruising power rather than the power needed to accelerate/decelerate. Really interesting build!
@argledotorg Жыл бұрын
Also: If you look at induction motor rotor design you see that they commonly have slots. Part of the reason for these is to reduce the reach of eddy currents that cause those heating losses you see. So cutting a bunch of wedge-slots in the copper disk would probably improve performance a lot
@Blox117 Жыл бұрын
acceleration power is lower if acceleration is slow
@argledotorg Жыл бұрын
@Blox117 right. And if you design the magnetic coupling to handle the cruise power, the acceleration is limited to what that power can provide It's not a big deal, but it does show on the real-world performance tests
@Azeazezar Жыл бұрын
@@argledotorg those Eddy currents are a feature here, not a bug. It won't function without.
@argledotorg Жыл бұрын
@@Azeazezar if they travel too far, they generate heat rather than force. This is an induction motor stretched out onto a plane, with the moving electric fields provided by physically driven permanent magnets instead of AC/stepper controller driven electromagnets. It's an elegant and clever device, for certain.
@UnrivaledPiercer 7 ай бұрын
I'd love to see a return to this experiment with more designs and maybe some alterations with additional parts to see if this could be further built on as a viable drive method. The concept seems really awesome, and I'm sure there's got to be some utility in this somewhere.
@tomsmith6513 4 ай бұрын
It could be the basis for a new kind of automatic transmission in cars. Instead of an epicyclic gearbox driven by fluid, pressure and friction with wet clutches and bands, it's magnets!!! Clutches, bands and the hydraulic fluid in an automatic transmission will wear down over time, but magnets will probably last a lot longer. The magnets could be turned on and off electronically (they would be electromagnets, not permanent ones). Instead of clutch packs being pushed together by a piston, it's a current turning on electromagnets to make two discs lock together. The current would replace fluid going through solenoid valves in a valve body.
@shotoprince2525 8 ай бұрын
I like how you're talking with simple language and not just scientific things so everyone could understand you Thanks man
@user-bq5cd4ru4y Жыл бұрын
In home exercise bikes, a magnetic brake is sometimes used in the form of a set of fixed permanent magnets (or electric magnets in expensive devices), and a perforated metal disk (similar to an aluminum alloy) that rotates through an upshift pedals. The adjustment of the braking force is regulated by changing the distance of the magnets from the rotating disc. Excess heat is dissipated from the disk into the air by means of a small impeller with blades on the disk shaft. Thus, it turns out to achieve a fairly wide range of loads (from 50 watts to 1.5 kW) with modest dimensions of the device.
@8546Ken Жыл бұрын
It's fine for a brake, where you are trying to convert energy to heat. That's not what you want for a transmission, where you want to waste zero.
@jonkess2768 2 ай бұрын
Its also used for high speed trains to stop it from a high speed. Its a huge magnet thats dtops down to like a millimeter above the rail.
@user-bq5cd4ru4y 2 ай бұрын
@@jonkess2768 Not just on high-speed trains. Old trams had an electromagnet braking system on the rails. But in both cases the rail is steel, and permanent magnetism is used; in the case of aluminum, a different principle of operation is used, due to the induction of an EMF in a short-circuited circuit, the so-called “Foucault current” or eddy currents, which occurs in a conductor in the form of an aluminum disk its own magnetic field arises, which slows it down. By the way, the same problem occurs in speakers, which reduces the output at high frequencies due to increased electromagnetic induction, and to compensate for this phenomenon, copper short-circuited caps are used on the core of the magnetic system.
@Nighthawkinlight Жыл бұрын
Hey that's pretty neat to learn about the alternating polarity creating a greater resistance. I didn't think of that. You could print a little cube grid that holds multiple magnets with opposing fields and probably get a much more impressive slow down when dropping it down a pipe.
@UncleChopChop22 Жыл бұрын
Seeing your comments across a few different channels at the moment. Dont you have videos to make!!😊
@Algoinde Жыл бұрын
@@UncleChopChop22 have and owe are two different words as per the dictionary.
@htomerif Жыл бұрын
If you thought about it for a minute, you would know this. Here's an important thought experiment: what if you replaced the ring of alternating magnets with an actual machined ring neodymium magnet concentric with the axle? How much torque would be transferred? Zero. The answer is zero. It would spin freely. Eddy currents form when there's a *change* in magnetic field, not just whenever there's a magnetic field. So the more changes there are, the more eddy currents form. The only limiting factor is when the magnets get so small that the changes in magnetic field don't bridge the gap from the magnets to the conductor.
@Squancherino Жыл бұрын
Maybe the printable magnet company featured on SmarterEveryDay could create a tiny alternating pattern
@htomerif Жыл бұрын
@@Squancherino You people do understand that the efficiency asymptote this thing is approaching with more effective magnetic fields is identical to just gluing the two plates together, correct? There is literally zero benefit to this clutch? I feel like everyone is missing this fundamental concept.
@mplsmark222 8 ай бұрын
There is a bicycle trainer device called the Kinetic that has used this principle for decades. The resistance unit is hydraulic, that has a sealed chamber to prevent leaking. It’s hard to seal around a shaft, so they drive an impeller inside the sealed chamber with a magnetic clutch. My trainer is decades old still works great and no leaks.
@CleaveMountaineering 7 ай бұрын
This is so cool. Totally impractical, but a great, fun eddy current demonstration with a few simple benchtop experiments to figure out the details.
@mifphilip 11 ай бұрын
would be cool to see how pedalling backwards while moving forwards would effect the braking power.
@filipegaspar3572 10 ай бұрын
Yeah thought the same. Does not make any difference just pedalling backwards when trying to brake?
@julianbrelsford 10 ай бұрын
It will make a big difference. The speed of the magnets and copper disc relative to each other determines how much force they exert on each other. So at higher speed he exerts a lot of effort just to hold the pedals still, but at lower speed it should be possible to pedal backwards and therefore create enough force at the wheel to stop in a reasonable distance.
@jackbauer2698 10 ай бұрын
I mean the force was so strong it was basicly pushing his feet forward. Maybe peddling backwards wouldn't even be possible at higher speeds.
@keit273 10 ай бұрын
@@jackbauer2698 if you look into the world of fixed gear cycling, you find that people can break the traction of the rear tire and lock it by pulling up on the straps that they install on the pedals. The only thing preventing you from pedaling backwards is the traction of the rear tire.
@dmevolve 8 ай бұрын
It would either be enough resistance to break something on the bike, or open a rift in the fabric of reality...
@professordey Жыл бұрын
One factor you seem to have overlooked is that if you want higher braking at low speed you could always just pedal backwards and increase the effective relative speed of the wheel vs the magnets. I do otherwise agree with people's suggestions of reducing the amount of copper used. I'd also suggest, from my limited electrical engineering knowledge, that you cut air gaps between sections of the copper, as that should cause greater eddy currents since the air will act as a dilectric and theoretically cause increased resistance. Will admit I'm unsure if that'd improve the effective coupling overall, but it seems like something that would at least have an impact.
@septemous 7 ай бұрын
Thank you. This is pretty amazing. So happy you did this!
@Med_Billing 8 ай бұрын
What an excellent video Mr. Stanton. Thank you for posting.
@adamk5979 Жыл бұрын
What happens if you pedal backwards? Would that provide more braking force? How would the addition of an electrical current affect the resistance? Great videos! I really enjoy watching and learning such interesting concepts!
@BrightBlueJim Жыл бұрын
One of his tests demonstrates that the torque generated was proportional to the difference in RPM between the disc and the magnets, so yes, pedaling backward would increase this difference in speeds, and therefore produce more braking torque. The other question is interesting. The eddy currents that the magnets induce in the copper disc flow in a ring around the magnets, lagging behind the magnets because it takes some time for the current to die off once it's induced into a particular path. This is really how the torque is created - the ring of current induced by the magnets produces an opposite magnetic flux to that of the magnets, that's constantly trying to align itself with the magnets, so any rotation of the disc produces a "back torque" that opposes the motion. If you were to fit carbon brushes either ahead of or behind the magnets, current passed through the disc through these brushes will also produce a torque for similar reasons. You will have created a DC motor, but this would be very inefficient because the current you apply to the brushes would not just flow through the copper directly between the brushes, but also though many other paths that would not produce usable work. This could be improved by cutting slots radially at intervals around the disc, between the brushes, which would reduce the undesired currents without affecting the intended current path, but now you're getting closer to a conventional commutated DC motor. Which sounds like something interesting. However, if you look up radial flux brushless DC motor, you will find that this is very close to what is already being used for low-speed, high torque brushless motors.
@Stoney3K Жыл бұрын
Pedaling backwards does increase the braking resistance, because it means the sprocket RPM becomes 'negative' and the net RPM difference becomes larger. Regarding electrical current, the current in the disc is not DC but it's a localized AC current which moves along with the magnet's rotation. To get the disc to spin using electrical current, you need to apply a rotating magnetic field through a set of coils. In his experiment, the magnets are replacing the pole pairs of a motor.
@astronut3830 Жыл бұрын
thats what i was asking myself the whole vid too😭
@adamk5979 Жыл бұрын
@BrightBlueJim Thanks for the response. I'm not an engineer and am not up to speed on the theory of DC motors. I know enough about electricity to be dangerous. My crude thought process was that an electrical current might increase the amount of torque that is being applied to the wheel from pedaling and provide a better braking action. Thanks again!
@bluerilius4362 Жыл бұрын
@@BrightBlueJim The homopolar generator designed by Michael Faraday was a similar design as well, very cool seeing how this is basically that but with no wires connected to it.
@markvarley4557 Жыл бұрын
Two points I'd have tested; 1. how much does it slow you if you pedal backwards? 2. what does it do for controlling speed when going down a hill (something steep enough to normally require braking)? Interesting as always! 👍👍
@nijiolee Жыл бұрын
Add 80w of power and no need to pedal?
@ericwells9538 Жыл бұрын
I was going to ask the same question. Thanks!
@ParaBellum2024 Жыл бұрын
It looks to me like the rear sprocket has a ratchet, so pedalling backwards wouldn't turn the magnets in reverse. I think.
@scarecrow5848 2 ай бұрын
​@@ParaBellum2024 actually on rear sprocketed wheels you *can* go backwards. its just VERY slow, if your not in a BMX park or on a slope.
@zthecat 10 ай бұрын
Wow, I learned so much watching this video! Very well explained, great visuals, cool experiment.
@danobrien3601 8 ай бұрын
well you had a lot of fun and learnt a lot too. A good source of strong magnets are old hard drives which every one has a stock of in their shed . I'm using some to hold a gate open and to stop it slamming in the wind using a copper -magnet damping disk (well its in progress)... cheers
@redsquirrelftw Жыл бұрын
It's always so mesmerizing to witness eddy currents. I was playing with magnets and a copper pipe a while back and it's so so interesting to see it happen. The clutch idea is interesting, I could see this being useful in some kind of application that may get sudden changes of resistance, and it would save the output shaft of the motor. Rollercoaster brakes also work similarly to this.
@Resomius Жыл бұрын
Do not forget that Trains are fitted with induction breaks. No wear, and at high speeds to stationairy rails incredibly effective.
@jadenrobinson9781 Жыл бұрын
Roller coasters use this for emergency brakes.(obviously using a secondary brake so the train comes to a complete stop)
@Timothycan Жыл бұрын
I noticed that this is much the same as the way my exercise bike works. There are two belt-and-pulley setups that spin an aluminium disc between a couple of magnets. The resistance is varied by moving the magnets in or out. And yes, my efforts go into making the disc get hot!
@Doriamo Жыл бұрын
There are row machines with similar magnet setups too.
@DownhillAllTheWay Жыл бұрын
The purpose of your exercise bike is to give you exercise - to make you work, by resisting your pedaling. I'm sure you will notice that the disk between the magnets warms up, because your work being used to generate heat. In Tom Stanton's case, however, the desire was to convert the work into distance. So the desired outcome of the two machines is opposite, one to waste your effort as heat; the other to use your effort to go so0mewhere - but the actual outcome is much the same. Work produces heat. Your exercise machine uses *_all_* your work for heat generation; Tom's machine gives some distance travelled, but it is limited by its inefficiency, which produced heat.
@bertjesklotepino Жыл бұрын
@@DownhillAllTheWay i agree totally. Which was not difficult because you basically told nothing new. It is basic logic. IF your exercise machine was using your work to give you some distance it would become a problem because you need a large room to house it in. Btw, you could just take a bike outside if you want some distance travelled while you work. The whole idea of an exercise bike is that it is stationary and doesnt travel any distance. SO by that way of thinking i would say it is kinda pretty logic what you explained. And, some would then be very rude and say: Jeez, thanks Sherlock. But i wont. I just think it. >:) (yeah, i am a stupid dutch guy, so i blame it on that)
@bertjesklotepino Жыл бұрын
@@DownhillAllTheWay o damn, sorry, i forgot to add this but it has to be added. The first part you typed: The purpose of your exercise bike is to give you exercise. I forgot to add it but it should be somewhere in the start of my comment to make it more clear why i would think: Jeez, thanks Sherlock. >:) Just a joke sir, just a joke.
@DownhillAllTheWay Жыл бұрын
@@bertjesklotepino Hi there! Don't worry, I took it as a joke. I was commenting on the video - not trying to explain it - but I'm sure you understood the intent of my comment. All of the best to you, Sir!
@dadardupattawholesale 7 ай бұрын
I am speechless and you are a highly underrated engineer. I really loved the project.
@pedroewert143 3 ай бұрын
love it, based on the idea of the magnet casing i will try to make my exercise wheel that works with friction into a magnet brake one that hopefully is quieter
@andygammie7394 Жыл бұрын
Making the copper plate thicker would reduce the number of magnets needed by decreasing the resistance for the eddy currents. And as other people have commented mounting the magnets in a steel mount would also improve the performance by helping to concentrate the flux. Similar just for kicks project would be to try to convert this into a homopolar motor regenerative braking setup with some big capacitors.
@adddude7524 Жыл бұрын
Tom, I really like your focus on the subject of your videos. Been watching you for years and as many other channels over-hype, fast-cut, force jokes, etc... you've stayed one of my favorites. I can watch you when having a slight headache and it's not too much but rather interesting and calming. Also, good on you to commit to all your interesting ideas, figure out if something would work and show it. You test so many things a lot of people probably have wondered about but no one has seriously tried yet, let alone shown it to the world. Please keep being you, lovely to watch always!
@recumbentrocks2929 9 ай бұрын
Another brilliantly composed and explained video. Magnetism is a very strange beast.
@52_Pickup 9 ай бұрын
I would love to see this project explored again, but with bike wheels that aren't spoked, but rigid body, like a 5-spoke carbon body wheel. You could also explore using a carbon or aluminum frame bike, and belt drive instead of chain drive, so you can eliminate the magnetic interference variables + reduce the weight of the bike.
@tmpace9 Жыл бұрын
Even after 3 years of engineering school, I still learn so much from your channel. Great videos!
@trentvlak Жыл бұрын
You didn't learn how electric motors work in engineering school?
@NikitaOsito Жыл бұрын
@@trentvlak To preserve your remaining dignity, I suggest you stop speaking now.
@trentvlak Жыл бұрын
@@NikitaOsito explain
@kylebowles9820 Жыл бұрын
From the perspective of a computer guy, on a value-per-hour basis, school is outpaced by deliberately playing around, especially after a certain point
@username4441 Жыл бұрын
quit paying that place you call a school
@AiOinc1 Жыл бұрын
In case you weren't aware, mag clutches do exist and are in wide use, up to around 20 horsepower I believe. Should be no issue for your uses. I miss the air engine videos.
@pdeboer1987 Жыл бұрын
Don't those work by increasing the viscosity of the ferrofluid? No eddy currents involved.
@niklaskoskinen123 Жыл бұрын
I think magnetic clutches use magnets on both sides? So it'll be equal speed up to a certain torque. I doubt anyone would want to run something with constant slip.
@niklaskoskinen123 Жыл бұрын
@C. I think that's specifically when you want to lose energy, I.e., braking. You would want to use something like that for driving something.
@standardheat-fs8159 Жыл бұрын
I believe the air conditioning compressor also engages with a magnet clutch
@JHess 10 ай бұрын
excellent video as usual. i would have liked to have seen what would have happened with either a front derailer or even a similar magnet setup on the front as well as the back and how they would work together....
@ryanwang2194 8 ай бұрын
Very interesting design. I think some of the indoor training bikes use the same phenomenon to produce resistance.
@TreadWalkin Жыл бұрын
I am never more excited then when i see a video from Tom. The step by step research to prototype of an idea is unmatched in my opinion. Truly top notch content!
@Billybobble1 Жыл бұрын
You had an idea and you concisely show how you went about implementing it and the methods you use. Thank you Tom for inspiring the younglings, I have no doubt we'll get some amazing innovations in the future, influenced by your ability to educate. Even though I pay little attention to the numbers and equations I still end up feeling slightly smarter from watching your videos.
@dove3853 Жыл бұрын
Remember that the Lord Jesus Christ died on a cross for you because He loves you so much. He then rose up from the dead three days later The Ten Commandments are called the moral law, (most of us are lying thieving blasphemous adulterer at heart and deserve hell) you and I broke the law, Jesus paid the fine. That’s what happened on that cross. By believing that Jesus died on the cross and rose up from the dead 3 days later and not just confessing your sin, but also repenting of all sin you have done and putting all your trust in Him in prayer, He will grant you everlasting life as a free Gift
@Billybobble1 Жыл бұрын
@@dove3853 Bit off topic mate.
@lorditsprobingtime6668 Жыл бұрын
@@Billybobble1 That bible bashing fool didn't even knock on your door before randomly spouting his completely irrelevant BS at you. Pretty damned rude I'd say. Completely agree with your assessment and way of seeing this and others of his videos. There's so much I'll never understand but, I still learn from this sort of thing. One question I had he did answer was, whether the resistance was converted to heat or not. If it hadn't, it could have opened up a few more interesting possible uses like speed control of things without wear, obviously but, heat can be a problem too and a non heat generating device could be extremely useful in some situations. Still very interesting stuff though.
@flaccidpancake352 Жыл бұрын
@@dove3853 Tell Jesus I'm not interested
@protorhinocerator142 Жыл бұрын
From an engineering standpoint, I see two obvious improvements. Although copper is a better conductor than aluminum, aluminum is stronger and better for transferring work. Use aluminum instead. For the magnets interfering with the chain, modify the sprocket to cross the whole axle and put the magnets on the other side. As for coasting, modify the clutch so that the bike rolls freely even if the sprocket and aluminum plate are stopped. I wouldn't even try adding a magnetic braking system to this setup because that would transfer a ton of momentum to a small part (the sprocket area) which would wear out the sprocket very fast. If you wanted magnetic braking I would suggest a secondary aluminum plate on the chain side of the wheel. Make it fixed so it moves with the wheel at all times. Then have magnets slide in and out from a fixed position on the bike, probably under the seat and well away from the chain.
@sanoxile9397 7 күн бұрын
I would suggest utilizing the Eddy currents to store energy so it can act as an electric bike when needed. The heat is generated from those unutilized currents. That would solve your inefficiency.
@nigelwilliams7920 5 ай бұрын
Nice bit of work! I would imagine that the heat created in the disk would also be created in the magnets, so the plastic magnet housing will soon loose strength. This scheme would make a nice water heater driven by a windmill. Wrap copper pipe around the static magnets to cool them, and using a pair of rotating copper disks with water bled between them via a gland on the shaft to cool the disks. Could be a nice build! Thanks.
@FAB1150 Жыл бұрын
You could try mounting the magnets as a halbach array, it's used to point most of the magnetic field in a single direction meaning you'd get more Eddy currents and less chain sticking!
@gqoniefh Жыл бұрын
And get a stainless steel chain And a "spring toothed?" One way gear on the front sprocket for coasting AND a way to close and lengthen the gap between the magnets and the copper disk for gearing AAANND enclose the magnets to separate the road environment because they'll clog themselves with iron dust.....oh and some hand brakes for stopping. By the way, your copper disks will warp from the heat so make them easily exchangeable.
@DownhillAllTheWay Жыл бұрын
It would have got all the flux on the side of the copper disc, which might have prevented the magnets from sticking to the chain.
@egzbel4400 Жыл бұрын
Do it, would be a nice-follow up video. Maybe easier with the cubed magnets than than the cylindrical.
@gqoniefh Жыл бұрын
If you go halbach the distance between mags and copper becomes more accurate(making a gear ratio situation more difficult to "tune in") so heat and warp aren't worth achievement of gearing. Gears, cogs and chains beat you damn engineer "thinkers" out every(almost) time. You might try focusing more simple, less complicated.
@architectlogin Жыл бұрын
What about a gap magnet?
@wagbagsag Жыл бұрын
If you revisit this project, you should try a halbach array for the magnets. Should get you a much stronger field
@Player-pj9kt Жыл бұрын
It will give you a stronger field but you also have to keep in mind that he didn't much space to mount the magnets. The magnets would touch or overlap with the chains and spokes if he would use the halbach config
@fischX Жыл бұрын
​@@Player-pj9kt he don't have to use chains there are belt driven bikes already and they make much more sense because the belt isn't magnetic
@Player-pj9kt Жыл бұрын
@fischX it still might get in the way. The spikes as well if he puts the magnets on both sides. Easiest solution is to use smaller cube magnets but those magnets are probably not as strong
@Luka-lm1pr Жыл бұрын
wouldn’t it just give you a stronger field on one side? so instead of a bunch of change in flux from north to south from the individual magnets to a change in flux of let’s say north to nothing but with a bigger north? would it actually be any better?
@Tritone_b5 Жыл бұрын
I was looking for this comment, I agree that a Halbach array should make even weaker magnets work better.
@natehill8069 8 ай бұрын
Ive always wanted to do something vaguely like this - have the pedals turn a generator and a motor turn the wheels (potentially having one on each wheel). Youve essentially combined the two sets of windings into one and eliminated the conductor between them. I was wondering how much energy that disk was soaking up. Good thing its copper!
@DrGeta666 8 ай бұрын
Cool experiment. i love when people still show "failed" products. great learning experience for everyone and isn't really a failure but a collective learning experience instead.
@MeBloxboy305 Жыл бұрын
Babe wake up, new Tom Stanton video
@diet-water Жыл бұрын
“D-did he make a new air engine dear?”
@MadScientist267 Жыл бұрын
@@diet-water No but it's just as pointless
@nicholasc.5944 Жыл бұрын
​@Don't Read My Profile Picture this is getting pretty old
@causalguide Жыл бұрын
@MrShaun1011 Жыл бұрын
"Speaking of nowhere..."
@HavokTheorem Жыл бұрын
I have an idea for you mate. You could have a variable gearing effect by mounting the magnet cages attached to radially mounted springs. Mill slots in the disc around where the magnets sit under spring tension to reduce the eddy currents formed there. Use the centripedal acceleration to have them push outwards from centre and thus engage with the intact portion of disc on the perimeter at an RPM detemined by the spring rate. You'll have basically combined the centrifugal clutch with the magnetic drive.
@ntwx2137 Жыл бұрын
@hxhdfjifzirstc894 Жыл бұрын
I agree... He definitely needs to make a version 2, with some kind of centripetal action, because he wants a CVT. I'm not clear on whether the low RPM engagement should be at the outermost diameter of the copper disc, or the innermost, for the proper torque multiplication (I think it should be on the outermost at 0 RPM and move towards the center as wheel speed increases).
@Zaque-TV 8 ай бұрын
Thats one of the coolest projects ive seen on here! Great job.
@Skiamakhos 7 ай бұрын
An interesting experiment - I was watching this with my son, who did an engineering foundation at uni before his computer science degree, and I predicted the heat problem. Well done - it didn't work as well as you'd thought but it's a good experiment.
@NikitaOsito Жыл бұрын
I was familiar with this phenomenon from roller coaster brakes, but you explored far deeper than I had ever seen before. Fascinating video and good explanations.
@Evipicc Жыл бұрын
Halbach array would give you even more magnetic force per magnet given to the field direction you want. Of course you would simply heat your disc faster, so there's that. This is a super interesting concept though, for sure! You could also have direct magnetic interlock with a squirrel cage style ferro-magnetic core, like how induction motors work. I like the idea of creating a 0 friction gap in the drivetrain.
@andrewdescant Жыл бұрын
I wonder if he could get the copper hot enough that it stops being able to produce eddy currents. I know heat can kill a permanent magnet and hot iron won't stick to a magnet until it cools down.
@draeath Жыл бұрын
@@andrewdescant Well, the heat would certainly affect the resistance of the copper, just as it does in any other electrical component.
@eclogite Жыл бұрын
@@andrewdescant I don't think you could reach those temperatures by pedaling outdoors, since the rate at which it loses heat increases with the difference in temperature vs the air. Would be wild though
@flersionary Жыл бұрын
Was thinking the same thing. Halbach arrays are often used in permanent magnet motors due to the lower weight and cost. It would be perfect for a project like this.
@pierremainstone-mitchell8290 10 ай бұрын
Absolutely fascinating Tom! Well done Mate!
@bawhitham 8 ай бұрын
This is a brilliant demonstration of how great ideas don't always pan out. I hope this video inspire a lot of viewers to consider engineering as a career.
@mmm91911 8 ай бұрын
I think it did pan out. If the copper disk is replaced with some coils like in a motor, you can improve efficiency greatly. This is a first design and there is lots of room for improvement.
@Amadeus2231 Жыл бұрын
You always have the most interesting bike technology builds. Your anti-lock brakes from a while back inspired me to design my own and I love the way they work
@numlock6019 Жыл бұрын
Great work! I think this is essentially an induction motor. What helps the induction motor work more efficiently will help this clutch as well, e.g. adding slots to the disk to limit the directions of Eddy current, adding iron cores into the slots to increase the magnetic flux density (B = muH)
@jamesbrandon6730 Жыл бұрын
Could you use a belt instead of a chain to help with the weak points on the sprocket and the magnetic interference?
@jamesbrandon6730 Жыл бұрын
This was meant to go in the main comments. Whoops
@wilkbor 7 ай бұрын
Great job, Tom. I always enjoy your videos.
@losfogo7149 7 күн бұрын
Mate i remember I did electromagnetism in my degree and there was a problem that was analogous to this but I've never thought about using this as a mean of powering a wheel. Really cool
@laserfoxpro Жыл бұрын
12:19 “still able to oop”
@MpeTe01 11 ай бұрын
Watched a number of your videos. So nice to see someone who truly understands engineering, can explain it well and actually make some impressive things. Keep up the good work!
@markinchico43 10 ай бұрын
if only he didnt have that bloody accent
@robertbeckman2054 10 ай бұрын
Fun concept that actually works. Just something off about wanting an object to move via friction. Counterintuitive to moving object and speed. But there’s definitely something there. Incredible idea on its own merits.
@dr.ichduda5617 6 ай бұрын
Hello! I'm master mechanic with experience in 3D-Printing and CAD, so I watched this video enthusiastic. I'm really sad, the efficiency is so poor. But - if You don't test it, You didn't know it. I'm sure, You had fun to do it. Great work!
@IvanJoel 11 ай бұрын
The shot at 7:41 showing the effect of different magnet amounts was amazing. I bet it lines up with it's plotted graph.
@Mutantcy1992 11 ай бұрын
Seriously, that was brilliant
@jacobopstad5483 Жыл бұрын
I love how you had an idea and made it reality to test it. That's the sort of real-world findings that could prove to be useful for all kinds of applications that may even be totally unrelated to your project. I bet someone out there will see this and get inspired to try this in something else
@westelaudio943 Жыл бұрын
But this is already in use. It's basically how an old school speedometer works. A spring loaded aluminium cup is driven by a magnet inside, that's it. Also many old record players use magnets to fine tune the speed (eddy current brake).
@jacobopstad5483 Жыл бұрын
@@westelaudio943 Cool. I did not know that
@mickmiah7605 10 ай бұрын
Cheers Tom. That was fascinating.
@richardcooper9167 Ай бұрын
Great video, loved the process.
@andrewjennings219 11 ай бұрын
Great video, with brilliant visual comparisons. A few options to make life easier: 1. Use a disk hub (machined mount ready to use. 2. For mag interference with chain...Use belt drive instead of chain... they are superior in some ways and used by touring cyclists.. 3. For spoke mag interferrence, "string" spokes are already succesfully used
@chrisellingson123 Жыл бұрын
This is cool. If you decide to revisit this idea, I suggest you use a one-way clutch bearing for freewheeling and also add a U shaped back-irons for the magnets. This helps steer the fields in a shorter path and should increase the flux (IIRC) in the gap on the copper disc while reducing the magnetic forces on the chain and forks. Soft iron is best however plain steel should be fine as the magnetic field in the magnets are 'static'.
@LaggerSVK Жыл бұрын
thats good suggestion. It would increase the torque for that design but not the efficiency of the system right? The main losses are in the copper if I understand it correctly.
@mandernachluca3774 Жыл бұрын
Actually, they now call it dynamo iron, as it is no pure iron anymore, but an iron silicon alloy.
@chrisellingson123 Жыл бұрын
@@LaggerSVK My experience with electro-magnetics is somewhat limited. My most recent experiment was a axial-flux motor for a heated stir plate I was making. I couldn't source suitable materials so I recycled the windings and core laminations from a large transformer to build it; not ideal for the frequencies that I drive it at but it ended up working reasonably well.
@samuelarduino 8 ай бұрын
THATS what the world needs ! Engineers with energy and courage! very well done , maybe try an hydraulic torqueconverter next....
@kylestewart4444 10 ай бұрын
What an awesome idea. Excellent work, man.
@leokimvideo 11 ай бұрын
Just be careful of road man holes lifting up to stick with the magnet matrix
@AmianteTarvoke 10 ай бұрын
*manhole covers
@Pooopers 10 ай бұрын
not possible
@savagesock3598 10 ай бұрын
They are magnetic but it would slow you down if anything
@mattmoreira210 9 ай бұрын
​@@Pooopersno shit!
@natehill8069 8 ай бұрын
Or the chain passing thru the magnetic fields developing a current and shocking you!
@El_Bellota Жыл бұрын
Appreciate you Tom, the amount of time and effort put in to every video shows.
@widervision710 8 ай бұрын
Clever lad, thanks for sharing this experiment.....
@sunwukong6362 8 ай бұрын
Thanks! Nice video with conscience breakdown of disadvantages of this project. I do learn a lot from this video.
@psorek139 Жыл бұрын
A halbach array instead of a simple N-S magnet setup would would make the effect stronger for the same size/number of magnets. Besides, that, pretty cool!
@Player-pj9kt Жыл бұрын
That's correct but he will have to either have to cube magnets with the same field strength or he will have to increase the gap between the magnets chains and spoke for it to work
@psorek139 Жыл бұрын
@@Player-pj9kt not really. A halbach array produces weaker field "outside", so the spokes and the chain should actually stick less!
@Player-pj9kt Жыл бұрын
@quinor I'm not talking about the sookes and chains attracting to the magnets I'm saying that the magnets he us using will physically collide with the chains
@psorek139 Жыл бұрын
ehh clearances... fair point.
@amidhmi5243 Жыл бұрын
Amazing idea! You can also separate copper segments into angles. This way the current must go in and out of radius. Your coupling will be much much greater! You can also drill lots of holes in the copper plate.
@1800Supreme Жыл бұрын
@notfiveo If you have electro magnets you're building a motor. More speed holes.
@amidhmi5243 Жыл бұрын
@@1800Supreme well steel is not as good as copper. And you'd need a battery for running the electromagnets. But the advantage is that you can switch them on and off to create some kind of a gear ratio I guess.
@Wtfinc Жыл бұрын
The magnets on the other side of the disk we cant see may be interfering or attenuating the magnetic field. I would test by first removing them leaving just one side full of magnets and the next test with different patterns, e.g. opposite sides, same plane. also using metal back-plates on the magnet helps allot [S N] |Cu| [N S] [N S] |Cu| [S N] config 1/5 [N S] |Cu| [N S] [S N] |Cu| [S N] config 2/5 X X |Cu| [S N] X X |Cu| [S N] config 3/5 X X |Cu| [S N]\Fe\a X X |Cu| [N S]\Fe\a X X |Cu| [S N]/Fe/b X X |Cu| [N S]/Fe/b X X |Cu| [S N]\Fe\c X X |Cu| [N S]\Fe\c config 4/5 d\Fe\[N S] |Cu| [S N]\Fe\a d\Fe\[N S] |Cu| [N S]\Fe\a e\Fe\[N S] |Cu| [S N]/Fe/b e\Fe\[N S] |Cu| [N S]/Fe/b f\Fe\[N S] |Cu| [S N]\Fe\c f\Fe\[N S] |Cu| [N S]\Fe\c config 5/5 d\Fe\ or /Fe/a represents iron plates that connects two magnets together, one magnetic pole to another on the same side. a to a, b to b, c to c..... X X represents the absence of magnets, Iron, or Copper. Nothing basically. |Cu| represents the copper disk [N S] or [S N] represent dipole magnets, N being North and S being South
@PaulWingfield 7 ай бұрын
I would've thought the lost energy could be used to charge a capacitor/battery. That energy could then be used to power a motor on the front wheel, controlled by a twist grip. Charging on the downhill sections and outputting on the uphill sections might level things out. Either way, it would be great nextvstep. Well done! 👏
@geneschneider2810 7 ай бұрын
That's a great idea. I think you could turn the copper disc into a copper coil, intern that could Supply electricity to a direct Drive DC motor. The faster you pedal the more electricity it would produce, therefore make you go faster. Then if you want to slow down just stop pedaling. Then there'd be no electricity produced yet the copper coil would still slow you down. GS
@Johny40Se7en 8 ай бұрын
Incredibly thorough and simple experiment. Well done, and that's a cool result 😊 Cheers for all your time and thought fella. That bearing is lovely 9:33 But not worth making a sprocket out of plastic, it's just too weak. Good reason why modern bikes have sprockets made from steel or even titanium at the high end 😉 Also, have to say too, if a bicycle is electric - regardless of power source - it would be ok to have a single drive like a car or motorbike does. Gears would be irrelevant. Single drive would be ok, and just attach a tidy throttle.
@EvDelen Жыл бұрын
Flip it (put your clutch on pedal side, not the wheel side) and use electro magents instead of permanent magnents. That way you can harvest energy while braking and increase your magnetism when you're applying power.
@Alliethebooklover Жыл бұрын
So it’s a normal motor at that point
@gibsonf06 Жыл бұрын
Bro invented an e-bike
@channul4887 Жыл бұрын
@@gibsonf06 mans proper smart, you get me.
@mauzen_ Жыл бұрын
I actually think this project is really interesting. Unfortunately the transfer of torque will always be determined by the change in magnetic flux. Meaning that you will have to pedal faster to get it going and keep it going.
@palohagara105 Жыл бұрын
Or induce another magnetic flux which alternates faster as wheelspin. It is called electric synchron motor, and found in most current EV vehicles 😀
@tataduzy4260 10 ай бұрын
​@@palohagara105Electric Vehicle vehicles?
@palohagara105 10 ай бұрын
@@tataduzy4260Yes, most current EV vehicles, with MOSFET transistors creating alternating current. Highly effective and only 10-15 kWh/100 km = 10-100x less than combustion motor. What is the problem? Calling BEV electromobiles "vehicle"?
@comeonandslamandwelcometot2418 10 ай бұрын
@@palohagara105 It’s because EV means “Electric Vehicle” so saying “EV Vehicle” is saying “Electric Vehicle Vehicle”.
@palohagara105 10 ай бұрын
@@comeonandslamandwelcometot2418 ok I thought so, just "gramar nazi" problem. It is normal when some category/abbrev became more common, it takes the semantic form of adjective/subject or even verb. Like we have AC + DC, but if you are talking about current, you also say "Now we switch AC to DC current in a circiut" sometimes. Or something like Congress resolution R268, abbrev used in many countries to add a certain level to complicated bunch-of-numbers and abbrevs, which are quite common in legislation. Especially if it is generally-targeted text, which youtube viewers surely are. And using frequent abbreviations adds confusion to text (for most not-profi readers). Therefore some, maybe dubious double info, adds comprehensibility, not reduces it. Like: problem of Postal Codes or Social-Security numbers or other codes, which contain dubious but failsafe information, even when you do not understand or make error. As you surely noticed on youtube or Twitter where many people use some "their best years military" abbrevs, or T9 auto-complete on mobiles = lots of uknknown shortened words. So ok, and now whatabout fact, not form?
@whopthuey 8 ай бұрын
It would be cool to see this applied in an automotive application, such as replacing the fluid coupling of a torque converter in an automatic transmission, or in a rear differential housing as a sort of limited slip differential.
@LouSaydus 8 ай бұрын
Considering he heated the disk with the tiny output of 8000 joules by 20c, it would be a really bad idea to use a torq converter using magnetic coupling like this. Unless you like slinging molten copper all over your car. Also copper (and all material) become less conductive the hotter they get, so your car would stop producing power at the wheels as the copper plate gets hotter and hotter unless you used some kind of cooling system, but at this point you're just throwing away power for a weird torq converter.
@victorvannatter312 9 ай бұрын
This was awesome. Seriously great project and video
@richardneedham4965 Жыл бұрын
Just thought I'd drop a line to say that I find this type of thing absolutely fascinating.. such great work and thoroughly entertaining! Keep it up my friend!
@MadScientist267 Жыл бұрын
There's a reason this doesn't exist in a commercial product... It's HIGHLY inefficient.
@HDEFMAN1 Жыл бұрын
You have to admire Tom's enthusiasm, he had an idea and he set about trying to bring it to fruition. Not all experiments work , but I am sure this attempt has brought him some useful insights of what he might try next.
@ChristmasEve777 4 күн бұрын
What you created was essentially regenerative braking with no battery to charge or load to power. The energy was all being lost as heat.
@Sgt9Rock Ай бұрын
Testing out theory vs. real practical application. He makes excellent points. The next thing to do is to figure out a force needed to move the bicycle up to 20-25 mph to justify all of the benefits of the gear-less system. My guess is that some form of E-propulsion needs to be added to assist the cyclist in attaining the speed they need to enjoy the ride while at the same time adding in more resistance which would assist in the braking function. As he showed in the video, the braking system needs help too. With more force on the chain to back sprocket, more resistance is built up and maybe that would solve the braking issue. But in conclusion, I guess this is one of those "Good idea but not quite there yet," videos. Keep up the good work, Tom and we all are interested in seeing if you can get this design to be fully functional for the rest of us. Looks like a good concept for a bicycle company to use. Maybe hold off on showing your final "By God, it works!" version and patent your concept, instead and make some cash on this idea. THUMBSUP
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